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How to install an SSL Certificate on SAP Web Application Server?

Thursday, April 11th, 2019

In this extensive guide, you will learn how to generate a CSR code and install an SSL Certificate on SAP web application server. You will also learn a few interesting facts about SAP, and discover the best place to shop for affordable SSL certificates.

If you’ve already created the CSR Code and received the SSL Certificate from your CA, skip the CSR generation instructions and jump straight to installation guidelines. Use the links below to navigate between sections.

Generate a CSR Code on SAP
Install an SSL Certificate on SAP
Test your SSL installation
SAP Web Application Server history and versions
Where to buy the best SSL certificate for SAP?

Generate a CSR Code on SAP

When applying for an SSL Certificate your first step is to generate a CSR (Certificate Signing Request) code and send it to the CA for validation. Along with the CSR code, you will also create the private key which will remain stored on the SAP server.

Before you generate the CSR code

In SAP, you must create a separate CSR for each application server that uses a specific Personal Security Environment (PSE). If you employ a system-wide SSL server PSE, then you only need to create just one certificate request.

CSR Generation on SAP

Please follow the steps below to generate your CSR Code:

  1. In your admin console, open the Trust Manager
  2. Expand the SSL server PSE node, and for each individual SSL server PSE select the application server.
  3. Go to application servers certificate in the PSE maintenances section, under Owner filed, and fill in the required information:
    • Country Name (C): provide the two-letter code of your country. For instance, US
    • State or Province (S): enter the full name of your state. For example, Florida
    • Locality or City (L): write the full name of your city. For example, Panama City
    • Organization (O): specify the full legal name of your company. For instance, Your Company LLC
    • Organizational Unit (OU): name the unit within your company making the SSL certificate request. For instance, IT
    • Common Name: provide the FQDN (fully-qualified domain name) you want to protect. For instance, yoursite.com
  4. In the PSE maintenance menu, select Create Certificate Request
  5. In the certificate request dialog window, copy or save the certificate request on your local device

Congrats, you’ve successfully generated your CSR file. You can open it with any text editor such as Notepad. During your SSL order process, you will need to copy the CSR contents into the corresponding box.

Install an SSL Certificate on SAP

After the CA delivers the necessary SSL files to your inbox, your first step is to download the ZIP Folder and extract its contents on your desktop.

For your SSL Certificate to work on SAP, the following files are required:

  • The SSL Certificate itself with x509/.cer/.crt/.pem extension
  • The intermediate certificate, also known as the CA Bundle or Chain Certificate

    Note: Some SSL providers will give you two intermediate certs for better browser compatibility. You must copy them in separate .txt files and install one at a time during the intermediate certificate configuration.

  • The root certificate from your CA (if you don’t have it, consult your CA)

Open these three files with a plain text editor, and copy the contents of each certificate into a separate file with .txt extension. You should have at least three .txt files with your primary, intermediate and root certificates.

Once your SSL files are ready, perform the following:

  1. Log into your admin console
  2. From Trust Manager, expand the SSL server PSE node
  3. Select your application server by double-clicking on it
  4. In the PSE maintenance section, select Import Cert. Response
  5. Click Load local and upload your primary SSL Certificate with the .crt extension. Alternatively, you can paste the contents of your SSL Certificate .txt file into the corresponding box.
  6. Your SSL Certificate should now display in the PSE maintenance section
  7. Save the data.

Next, depending on your system setup, you will add the intermediate and root certificates in of these locations:

Certificate Database:

  1. In the certificate section, select Import certificate
  2. In the Import Certificate dialog, select the Database tab
  3. From the certificate database, choose your certificate and select Enter. The certificate will display in the certificate section
  4. Click Add to Certificate List
  5. Save the data.

File System:

  1. In the certificate section, select Import certificate
  2. In the Import Certificate dialog specify the corresponding file name from the file system.
  3. Choose Base 64 for the certificate’s file format, then select Enter. The cert resides in the certificate maintenance section
  4. Click Add to Certificate List
  5. Save the data.

A Different PSE

  1. Expand the node for the PSE that hosts the Certificate, then double click to select one of the application servers
  2. From the certificate list, in the PSE maintenance section, double click on your certificate
  3. Under the SSL server PSE node, double click on your application server
  4. Click Add to Certificate List
  5. Save the data

Congrats, your SSL certificate should be up and running on your SAP system.

Test your SSL installation

After you install an SSL certificate on SAP, some SSL errors or vulnerabilities may still exist. To avoid potential trouble, it’s recommended to run a diagnostic test on your SSL installation. Plenty of SSL tools can instantly generate reports on your SSL Certificate. In this article, we’ve selected the best options.

SAP Web Application Server history and versions

SAP Web Application Server is a product of SAP SE, a European multinational software corporation that builds enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.

SAP Web Application is based on SAP NetWeaver technology which runs as a web application server for SAP products.

SAP server has an intricate architecture with five main areas of focus:

  • Presentation Layer
  • Business Layer
  • Integration Layer
  • Connectivity Layer
  • Persistence Layer

The current stable release of SAP Web Application Server is 7.52.

Where to buy the best SSL Certificate for SAP Web Application Server?

When buying an SSL Certificate, you should consider three crucial aspects: validation type, price, and customer service. At SSL Dragon, we offer the entire range of SSL Certificate at affordable prices, backed by five-star customer service! Our SSL certificates are signed by renowned Certificate Authorities, and thus are compatible with SAP Web Application Server. Whether you need a cheap Domain Validation certificate or a premium Extended Validation product we’ve got you covered. Here’s our full list of SSL certificate types:

SSL Dragon’s prices are the most competitive on the market, while our dedicated support team is highly appreciated by the existing customers. If you don’t know what type of SSL certificate to choose, simply use our SSL Wizard and Certificate Filter tools. They will help you find the ideal SSL product for your website.

If you find any inaccuracies, or you have details to add to these SSL installation instructions, please feel free to send us your feedback at [email protected]. Your input would be greatly appreciated! Thank you.